"Three lines of defense" combined to stop cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is a common female malignancy. In China, there are 135,000 new cases of cervical cancer each year and about 80,000 deaths each year. The incidence rate is second among women's cancers, and the incidence of younger patients has been trending in recent years. Fortunately, the cause of cervical cancer has been identified, and women of appropriate age can be vaccinated against some cancer-causing viruses by vaccinating against cervical cancer. But female friends want to really prevent cervical cancer, vaccination is only the first step. This program let us walk into the city's maternity and child health hospital together to understand the three lines of defense against cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is currently the only cancer with a clear etiology. Its direct cause is the continuous infection of the HPV virus in the female's cervix. The HPV virus is also called human papilloma virus. Females of appropriate age can prevent carcinogenic HPV by inoculating cervical cancer vaccines of different prices Viral infection. What needs to be paid attention to is that the cervical cancer vaccine cannot prevent the cervical cancer 100%, especially the married women need to cooperate with the regular cervical cancer screening to prevent cervical cancer.
For married women, it is important to regulate regular health checkups. For women between 21 and 29 years old who have sex, cytology screening can be done every three years, and for women between 30 and 65 years old, cytology combined with HPV screening can be done every 5 years. In the screening of cervical cancer, TCT liquid-based cytology combined with HPV detection is currently the gold standard for the detection of cervical cancer, especially precancerous lesions.
Cervical cancer screening is not only to detect cancer, but also to detect precancerous lesions of the cervix. When pathologists find that there are positive lesions in the cytology and HPV of the screening samples, they will inform the clinic immediately. Doctors and clinicians can stop the occurrence of cervical cancer in time.
In recent years, through the development of two cancer screenings, Lishui City Maternal and Child Health Hospital conducted a women's disease survey over the years. In 2018, the Physical Examination Center screened 13,000 people for cervical cancer. The average detection rate of cervical cancer was 2.38 per 10,000. Compared with previous years, the incidence has decreased significantly.
To prevent cervical cancer, women of appropriate age must not only be vaccinated against cervical cancer, but also cooperate with regular cervical cancer screening. If abnormal lesions of the cervix are found, they should be treated in time. Three lines of defense can work together to truly block the cervix.